How to Find H1, D1, DL1, and General Coaches on Indian trains?

How to Find H1, D1, DL1, and General Coaches on Indian trains?

How to Find H1, D1, DL1, and General Coaches on Indian trains?

India boasts one of the largest railway networks in the world, with millions of passengers traveling daily. However, navigating this vast system can be difficult for passengers; knowing your coach code and seat location will make your journey much smoother. This article will show you how to locate H1, D1, DL1, and General coaches on Indian trains.

Indian Railways provides various types of coaches, each with its purpose and amenities. Passengers can select the coach of their preference depending on what they need or want. But it may be challenging to locate your chosen vehicle if you’re traveling for the first time; that’s where coach codes come into play – understanding them helps you locate your seats quickly and avoid confusion.

What are H1, D1, DL1, and General Coaches?

Before we look at how to find these coaches, let’s first define what each one is and their features:

H1 (First AC)

H1 is India’s most luxurious coach, featuring four or two-berth cabins. All are spacious with comfortable beds, individual reading lights, and charging points; plus, a pantry provides passengers with meals and beverages. Furthermore, each cabin is equipped with air conditioning which can be adjusted using its control panel.

D1 and D2 (Second AC)

D1 and D2 coaches are similar to H1. Still, it features six-berth cabins with curtains for privacy and charging points for electronic devices. Furthermore, the vehicle has air conditioning and meals and beverages from the pantry.

DL1 (Deluxe Chair Car)

The DL1 chair car coach features comfortable chairs and plenty of legroom, making it ideal for short journeys. In addition, it has air conditioning, as well as a pantry where passengers can purchase meals and beverages on board.

General Coach

General coaches are the simplest Indian train coaches, offering unreserved seating arrangements and often overcrowding. However, without amenities like air conditioning, meals, or charging points, these coaches tend to be overrun with passengers.

How do Locate H1, D1, D2, DL1, and General Coaches on Indian Trains?

Now that you understand each coach type let’s learn how to locate them.

Reading Coach Codes

The coach code on the train ticket informs you of the coach type and seat number. It consists of two parts: an alphabetized combination of numbers and letters representing the first part, which represents the type of coach. In contrast, its second portion reflects its numerical value.

Example: If your coach code is B1 43, that indicates AC 2 Tier, and 43 is the coach number. Likewise, H1 signifies first AC, D1 signifies second AC, DL1 stands for Deluxe Chair Car, and GS signifies General Coach.

Locating Your Coach on the Platform

Now that you have your coach code finding it on the platform is the next step. Again, checking the coach position chart displayed at or within the railway app can help locate it; this chart will include information such as coach type, number, and platform position.

If you are still getting familiar with the platform or station, arrive early and ask railway staff or fellow passengers for assistance. They will guide you to your coach and assist with your luggage.

Locating Your Coach onboard the Train

After you board the Train, finding your coach can be difficult if the Train is packed. But with these tips in hand, you can locate your coach with ease:

Check the Coach Position Chart

Indian Railways displays a coach position chart at each entrance of each coach. That indicates the type, coach number, and seat number, so you can quickly locate your seat using this helpful chart.

If you need assistance finding your coach, ask fellow passengers for assistance. They can direct you to the correct seat and coach.

Look for Coach Indicators: Coaches usually feature indicators on the top of their vehicles that indicate type and number. These signs are usually situated near the entrance, making it easy to spot your coach by searching for these indications.

Follow the Signs: Indian Railways posts signs inside each Train that indicate the coach type and number. By following these indicators, you can locate your coach quickly.

Use the Railway App: Indian Railways has a mobile app that provides real-time information about trains and their coaches. You can use it to locate your coach and seat on the go!

Common Issues Experienced by Passengers and How to Avoid Them

Even with understanding coach codes and following the tips mentioned above, passengers may still need help with issues while trying to locate their coach. Here are some of the most frequent issues and how to address them:

Confusion with Coach Codes: Passengers may need clarification on coach codes, especially if traveling for the first time. To prevent mishaps, double-check the coach code on your ticket and read through the coach position chart carefully.

Crowded Trains: Indian trains can get very crowded, making it challenging to locate your coach. To prevent this, arrive early and ask fellow passengers for assistance.

Luggage Issues: Passengers may need help carrying their luggage while searching for their coach. Pack light and only bring what is absolutely necessary to minimize this hassle. Alternatively, you could hire a porter to handle the heavy lifting.

Language Barriers: Passengers may experience language difficulties when asking for assistance. To mitigate this, carry a phrasebook or use an app that offers translation services on your phone.

Coach Seat Map Layout and Numbering in Indian Railway System

Every coach in the Indian railway system has a distinct layout and numbering system for seats. Knowing these can make it easier for passengers to locate their seats quickly, eliminating confusion. Here is an explanation of this seat map layout and numbering system used on Indian railway coaches:

Berth Types:

Indian railway coaches feature various berth types for seating and sleeping purposes. The most common are: Lower Berth (LB)

  • Middle Berth (MB)
  • Upper Berth (UB)
  • Side Lower Berth (SLB)
  • Upper Berth (SUB).

Seat Numbering:

Indian railway coaches are numerically numbered according to three digits: the first indicates the coach number, the second berth type, and the last is simply the seat number itself. For instance, seat number 23 in coach S6 would indicate that this seat is located within S6, has a berth type of 2 (middle berth), and has a seat number of 3.

Seat Map Layout:

Indian railway coaches have various seat map layouts depending on the coach type. Generally, however, most coaches follow a similar design scheme. Here are the most common layouts seen in Indian locomotive coaches:

3-Tier AC Coach: This coach features three tiers of berths, each with six beds in each compartment. They are arranged in two stacks of three. The lower berth is more expansive and can serve as a seating area during the day, while the middle and upper berths are the narrowest. Each compartment features its door and curtains for privacy.

2-Tier AC Coach: This coach features two levels of berths, with four in each compartment. They are arranged in stacks of two. The lower berth is more expansive and can double as a seating area during the day, while the upper one is narrower and higher. Each compartment features its door as well as curtains for privacy.

Sleeper Coach: This coach features three tiers of berths, with eight in each compartment. They are arranged in two stacks of four. The lower berth is more expansive and can double as a seating area during the day; the middle berth is the narrowest, while the upper one is the highest and narrowest. Each compartment lacks a door, but curtains provide privacy when needed.

General Coach: This coach has open seating and no reserved berths, meaning passengers can sit wherever they find space.


Understanding coach codes and following the tips mentioned in this article can make your train journey in India much smoother. H1, d1, d2, DL1, and General coaches are the most common in Indian trains; knowing how to locate them saves time and prevents confusion. By double-checking your code, asking for assistance, or using the railway app, you should be able to locate your seat with ease.


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